Baita Craciunesti Quarry (Magura Feredeului) is situated on the territory of 3 localities: Pestera, Ormindea and Craciunesti, which belong to the locality of Baita, Hunedoara County, about 27 km North from Deva. Limestone is extracted in the quarry through open mining works. The quarry has an area of 164.4 ha.
- Latitude: 46.02259º
- Longitude: 22.87158º
Limestone has a reef-like nature, of white-yellowish color, fine granular crystalline structure, with karst cavities here and there and cracks filled with residual clay.
The relief has a mountainous aspect, although altitudes do not exceed 700 m; it consists of ophiolites, Mesozoic limes and laramic magmatites as hills and cone-shaped peaks.
The hydrographic network is represented by Valea Căianului, an affluent of Mureş River and a collector of Peştera and Ormindea brooks.
The environmental rehabilitation works aim at harmonizing the surface of the rehabilitated lands with the natural surroundings in the immediate vicinity, increasing the land stability and avoiding surface erosion.
The quarry is situated at about 1 km of ROSCI0110 - Magurile Baitei reserve.
The vegetation is specific to forests with deciduous plants, and durmast in combination with beech. The Eastern and Southern flanks are rocky, with poor vegetation.
The area is characterized by the presence of a natural reserve (120 ha) of mixed landscape, speleological and floristic interest, including the massifs of Magura Baitei, Gherghelea and Magura Craciunesti.
There are 3 types of habitat of national interest in the area: South-Eastern Carpathian meadows of Asperula capitata and Sesleria rigida, South-Eastern Carpathian forests of ash – Fraxinus excelsior, sycamore – Acer pseudoplantanus, Wych elm – Ulmus glabra with Lunaria rediviva, caves, and 4 types of habitats of community interest: mountainous grasslands, rocky flanks with chasmophitic vegetation on calcareous rocks, forests of Tilio-Acerion on steep flanks, detritus and cloughs, Dacian forests of oak and hornbeam.